Purpose of the Programme

Youth Development within the context of the Department of Social Development should be viewed as a process that prepares young people to meet the challenges of adolescence and adulthood through a structured, progressive series of activities and experiences which help them obtain social, emotional, ethical, physical and cognitive competencies. The development of young people must also be aligned to the governments’ approach to addressing poverty and underdevelopment, as well as a mechanism for promotion of social adjustment, social cohesion, and economic emancipation attained through comprehensive, integrated, cross-sectoral and sustainable policies and programmes that seek to bring about tangible improvements in the quality of their lives.

POLICY MANDATES:-

The former President Thabo Mbeki, in his 2007 State of the Nation Address, urged all key role players to “intensify efforts to integrate youth development into the mainstream of government work”. This call was also echoed in the Government’s Social Cluster Programme of Action for 2007 and 2008, which directs the cluster to:
•    “Intensify efforts to integrate youth development into the mainstream of government policies and programmes within the framework of the National Youth Policy, and Strategically locate Youth Directorates in such a manner that Director-General, Heads of Departments and Municipal Managers take direct responsibility”

•    The fact that youth programmes have found expression in the government’s programme of action is a clear illustration of the manner in which the South African Government prioritizes the development of young people (National Youth Policy 2009-2014).
The launch of the National Youth Development Agency by President Jacob Zuma on 16 June 2009 which gave effect to the merger of the National Youth Commission and Umsombomvu Youth Fund is a major development that will further deal with the realization of the conception of youth development that is based on the principles of social and economic justice, human rights, empowerment, participation, active citizenship and the promotion of public benefit. The Department will facilitate the development of a Departmental Implementation Plan that is in line with the policy imperatives of the National Youth Policy 2009-2014 and the functional areas of the National Youth Development Agency Act 2008.


Local Youth Forums (LYF) are inter-sectoral stakeholder ’s forums at the Local Municipal levels to ensure maximum youth participation and involvement.  The Local municipalities are the main drivers of these forums through their Youth Desks. The newly established NYDA (integration between Umsombomvu Youth Fund and Youth Commission), one of its policy mandates is the expansion of Youth Desks at the municipal level into Youth Units. The forums are open to all local youth organizations, NGO’s and other formations that have a direct interest in youth development.

 

The Provincial Department of Social Development will continue to support and facilitate institutionalization of this structure to ensure continuity by reviving, establishing and supporting them through the following ways:
•    To profile and market youth development organizations at local level
•    Mobilise financial support for implementation of youth development initiatives;
•    Facilitate social dialogue through partnerships between government, the private sector, and civil society organizations to contribute to strong collective efforts for youth development;
•    Build the capacity of youth focused organizations;
•    Strengthen relations with private sector to widen and strengthen the social networks for young people.
•    Responsible for the management of Youth Service Centres funded by the department


The Department will further embark a concerted drive to realize the implementation of National Mandates such as the National Youth Service and Masupa-tsela Youth Pioneer Programme; both at provincial and at local government level. These National programmes were received as unfunded mandates however efforts are underway to explorer implementation through, provincial bids and Corporate Social Investment Opportunities by 2011/2012.

National Youth Service

The programmes for the National Youth Service, aimed at skills development in the social sector were designed in order to escalate youth employability. The structural unemployment of youth is manifested in mismatched skills in the economy. The department has been focusing only on the implementation of Category 3 of NYS (departmental NYS volunteer programme) which is implemented as part of the annual Global Youth Service days and National Volunteer Week across all 5 districts targeting youth. The Category 1 focuses on Youth Employment:  a type of youth service comprising a structured model with accredited training, community service & linkages with exit opportunities as core criteria and Category 2 looks at a youth service intervention targeting tertiary students.  It is therefore the intention and commitment of the Department to roll-out Category 3 of NYS at a minima scale, and focus human and financial resources towards the implementation of Category 2 & 3.
For the purpose of implementing Category 1 & 2, the Department of Social Development through the piloting of the Youth Experiential Learning and Placement Programme (ELP) will further engage with other stakeholders in the Public and Private Sector to explore opportunities of establishing ELP. The intention of ELP is to identify young people to be linked/placed to the public-private sector entities with growth potential and clear exit strategy over a period of 6 – 12 months with the purpose to facilitate skills development, mentoring, coaching, referral, employment. The allocation can be used for the payment of stipends.

The Masupatsela Youth Pioneer

The Masupatsela Youth Pioneer Programme is designed to respond to the departments’ priorities to become a government-wide programme focusing at mobilizing the youth as pioneers to serve their country in various capacities. The programme focuses on social cohesion and patriotism with the aim of nation building and will commence during the 2012/13 financial year. Nationally, the programme is under review for accreditation and assessment of best practices by other eight Provinces which have implemented Masupatsela. It is on the best interest of the Province that the Department continuously forms part of such accreditation and assessment process in order to implement the best product or model.

 

 

SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS

The Northern Cape is South Africa’s largest province, occupying one third of the land yet with only 2.2% of the total population. These dynamics create a unique environment, with challenges relating to socio-economic aspects and health care provision in the Northern Cape. The province encounters many of the challenges faced by other South African provinces, in particular unemployment, substance abuse, especially alcohol, is a source of many social problems for households and youth throughout the province. Population density figures emphasize the rural nature of the province. The process of democracy within South Africa have created developmental opportunities for young people. However, the Northern Cape youth today remain outside the mainstream economy.
Statistics from 2007 Census indicate that the Northern Cape can be classified as a young population with 56.23% of the population being younger than 30 years of age. A significant shift occurs with the age group 20-24 which can be attributed to people in this age group moving to other provinces in search of better career and job opportunities and tertiary education. Statistics further indicate that unemployment amongst youth from the age 16-35 is 23.99% (87 405) in the province. The Northern Cape is a vast province with scare resources, especially those aiming at capacitating the youth sector.

ANALYSIS OF CONSTRAINTS AND MEASURES PLANNED TO OVERCOME THEM
The Youth Development programme in the Department continue to be challenged by shortage of staff, however, the programme will be further strengthened, enhanced and prioritized through the establishment of a Youth Directorate in line with MINMEC resolutions, the National Youth Policy 2009-2014 and the Government Programme of Action as reflected in the departmental Programme of Action .  The Youth Directorate will formalize and strengthen the institutional arrangements provincially and adequately address the capacity constraints at district level to advance the agenda of the youth development in the province.

Lack of coordination and silo rendering of youth services between Programme 1 & 2 is also a constrain towards effective service delivery. An intra-Departmental Youth Forum had been established Provincial, which will be rolled out to Districts, as well as to other government Departments to have Inter-Departmental Youth Forum established. The Inter-Departmental Youth Forum aims to ensure integrated delivery of youth services in or by the Department. The function of the Youth Development Program in the Department will therefore be that of coordination, monitoring and reporting of the activities pertaining to youth development within the department.  An integrated Inter-Departmental youth forum incorporating local government will look into:
•    The establishment of the institutional arrangements
•    The development of the terms of reference
•    Establishing a comprehensive and uniformed data-base on youth development
•    Compiling one consolidated report on youth development with specific reference made to EPWP
•    Develop an informed strategy to introduce learner placement with the public service, private and NGO sector and career skills development and further education strategies of youth project funding, i.e. Corporate Social Investment.

 

DESCRIPTION OF PLANNED QUALITY IMPROVEMNET MEASURES

Programme 1 & 2 should adopt or take ownership of Youth Service Centres and Youth Development Forums as one stop shop for the delivery of services to young people. Youth Development Programme in the Department must play a leading role in all programmes or services rendered towards youth, whether in Corporate Services or Social Welfare Services and assume a reporting role.


RESOURCE CONSIDERATION

The budget allocated for the establishment of ELP is too little, hence the successful implementation of the programme will depend on the support of other stakeholders. The NYS Category 3 and Skills Development budget that is normally being allocated to districts have been collapsed into the implementation of Category 1 & 2.


RISK MANAGEMENT
•    Lack of human resources at the provincial office to run the program and no dedicated personnel (youth focal person) at district levels.
•    Lack of progressive Youth Non-Profit Organisation in the province is a major challenge therefore supports must shift towards emerging NPOs that are responsive to young people’s needs.
•    Under-funding of youth development programme makes highly difficult to implement NYS Category 1 & 2 at a large scale. Not excluding the implementation of Masupatsela which requires large sums of money and the expansion of staff.
•    Lack of Monitoring & Evaluation, and Mentoring System in place to support youth projects which a result in some of youth programmes or NPO’s collapsing.

 


Strategic Goal
•    To improve income, asset and capability of families and communities to enhance their livelihoods
Outcome    •    Decent employment through inclusive economic growth
Strategic Objective
•    To mainstream youth development within the Department and mobilize young people to serve a self reliant nation in partnership with all stakeholders
Objective Statement
•    All/every developmental efforts towards young people must also be aligned to the government’s approach to addressing poverty and underdevelopment, as well as mechanism for promotion of social adjustment, social cohesion, and economic emancipation attained through comprehensive, integrated, cross-sectoral and sustainable policies and programmes that seek to bring about tangible improvements in the quality of the lives of young people.   
Baseline
•    Successfully facilitated the training of unemployed youth and linked them to jobs in the hospitality industry
Justification
•    The dynamism and complexities of youth issues, deepening youth skill under development and unemployment call for an integrated, multi-stakeholder approach to combating the effects of poverty among young people. Integrated delivery of youth services with other different programmes and development partnerships is therefore of utmost importance.  
Links
•    Establishment and provision of support to Youth Forums and Youth Service Centres to optimize the creation of study and/or work opportunities for unemployed young people in Northern Cape.  The forging of Private Public Partnership with range of institutions to ensure maxim impact on the development of young people in the province.

 

 

 

Strategic Goal

  • To improve income, asset and capability of families and communities to enhance their livelihoods

Outcome

  • Decent employment through inclusive economic growth

 

Strategic Objective

  • To mainstream youth development within the Department and mobilize young people to serve a self reliant nation in partnership with all stakeholders

Objective Statement

  • All/every developmental efforts towards young people must also be aligned to the government’s approach to addressing poverty and underdevelopment, as well as mechanism for promotion of social adjustment, social cohesion, and economic emancipation attained through comprehensive, integrated, cross-sectoral and sustainable policies and programmes that seek to bring about tangible improvements in the quality of the lives of young people.

Baseline

  • Successfully facilitated the training of unemployed youth and linked them to jobs in the hospitality industry

Justification

  • The dynamism and complexities of youth issues, deepening youth skill under development and unemployment call for an integrated, multi-stakeholder approach to combating the effects of poverty among young people. Integrated delivery of youth services with other different programmes and development partnerships is therefore of utmost importance.

Links

  • Establishment and provision of support to Youth Forums and Youth Service Centres to optimize the creation of study and/or work opportunities for unemployed young people in Northern Cape.  The forging of Private Public Partnership with range of institutions to ensure maxim impact on the development of young people in the province.