Purpose of the Programme

 

The purpose of this programme is to facilitate social integration, protect and develop vulnerable groups through the development and implementation of social crime prevention and support services in terms of the Probation Services Act and the Child Justice Act to ensure that all people in the Northern Cape are and feel safe.

 

Policy Mandates
•    Probation services are being mandated by a range of legislation and policies including the following:
•    The South African Constitution of 1996, Section 35 which focus on the rights of people accused of committing crimes.
•    The Probation Services Act, Act 116 of 1991 as amended 35 of 2002. The duties and functions of Probation officers and Assistant Probation officers are stipulated in the Act.  It also provides for the establishment and implementation of programmes aimed at combating crime and for the rendering of assistance to and treatment of certain persons involved in crime.
•    The Criminal Procedure Act, Act 51 of 1977. The role of the Probation officer in terms of different sentencing options is stipulated in the act.
•    Correctional Services Act, Act 8 of 1979, deals with the detention of children in correctional service facilities.
•    The Child Justice Act, Act 75 of 2008 which focuses on different ways to deal with youth in conflict with the law and the establishments of Child and Youth Care Centers.
•    The Children’s Act, Act 35 of 2005 which focuses on the rights and responsibilities of children and parents and the protection of children and the promotion of the wellbeing.
•    The White Paper for Social Welfare Services, 1997 – The White Paper aims to promote sustainable human development and quality of life for all South Africans through the integration of population issues into development planning in all spheres of government and in all sectors of society. The policy mandates the Department of Social Development to monitor the implementation of the policy and its impact on population trends and dynamics in the context of sustainable human development.
•    The Transformation of the Child and Youth Care System deals with intervention strategies for children entering the criminal justice system.
•    The Minimum Norms and Standards on Diversion Programmes which focuses on the development and implementation of Diversion Programmes.
•    The interim National Protocol for the Management of youth awaiting trial in residential care facilities. It provides guidelines for the management of youth awaiting trial in residential care facilities.

 


Situational Analysis

The increase in crime in the province and the country in general calls for the development of a comprehensive response in dealing with crime.  Overcrowding in correctional facilities and the lack of reform schools, schools of industries and child and youth care centers for sentenced children calls for innovative intervention in dealing with children and young offenders.
There is currently one (1) place of safety and two (2) secure care centers which are state-owned. The Department embarked in building two (2) other secure care centers in Springbok and De Aar.  The secure care centre in Springbok has been completed and is operational, whilst the construction of the De Aar secure care centre is complete and will the centre be operational before the end of the 2010 financial year. The Springbok secure care centre has been outsourced.

 

There are full time probation officers and assistant probation officers rendering services to children in conflict with the law at the five (5) districts and two (2) sub-districts. Currently there are 38 probation officers and 26 assistant probation officers in the province.

 

Analysis of constraints and measures planned to overcome them

 

•    Since there are two (2) existing secure care centers and one place of safety that are state-owned and the Springbok secure care centre has been outsourced, there will obviously be a challenge in the management of these centers.  There is as a result a need to develop a provincial protocol to ensure uniformity regarding the management of secure care centers.
•    The lack of reform schools and schools of industries in the province is a challenge, however the Department of Social Development is currently not responsible for reform schools and schools of industries. This is the competence of the Department of Basic Education.

 

•    The lack of accredited NGO’s rendering diversion programmes poses a challenge for the implementation of diversion programmes as required by the Child Justice act. The National Department of Social Development in collaboration with Provincial Departments is currently busy in the development of guidelines and structures for the accreditation of diversion programmes,

 

Description of Planned quality improvement measures
•    The training of services providers on the new Child Justice Act, Act 75 of 2008 and the regulations of the Act to effectively implement social crime prevention and therapeutic services.
•    The capacity building of service providers on the design and development of therapeutic and developmental programmes for children in conflict with the law.
•    The establishment of the provincial structures on the accreditation of diversion programmes.
•    The capacity building of the provincial structures on the accreditation of diversion programmes.
•    The capacity building of the secure care centers on the implementation of the Blue Print and Minimum Norms and Standards for secure care centers.

 

 

 

•    Collaboration and integration of youth development programmes with the Department of Sports, Arts and Culture to ensure that the goal of “A child in Sport is a child out of Court”.

 

Resource Consideration

 

A limited number of NGO’s that render social crime prevention programmes results in the inability of expansion of programmes to other areas within the different districts and sub-districts.The lack of reform schools, schools of industries and child and youth care centers for sentenced children in the province,  results that children be sentenced to correctional facilities.

 

 

 

Risk Management
•    The existing NGO’s rendering social crime prevention services will be encouraged to expand and render services in other areas in the province.
•    Consideration will be given to capacitating other organizations to render social crime prevention programmes.

 

Strategic Goal

The provision of social crime prevention, intervention and support services to ensure that all people in the Northern Cape are and feel safe.

Outcomes

All people in South Africa are and feel safe

Strategic Objective

To develop and implement social crime prevention, early intervention and statutory services and programmes.

Objective Statement

To facilitate social integration, protect and develop vulnerable groups through development and implementation of social crime prevention and support in terms of the Probation Services Act and the Child Justice Act by 2015 in all the five (5) districts and two (2) sub-districts.

Baseline

During the 2009/2010 financial year, 1 374 youth in conflict with the law were assessed.
406 Youth were referred to diversion programmes

Justification

The increase in crime in the province and the country in general calls for the development of a comprehensive response in dealing with crime.  As a result, the development of a strategic plan and effective implementation thereof will respond to this issue.

Links

The target as set out in the Northern Cape Provincial Growth and Development Strategy calls for all sector departments to ensure that crime is reduced by 10% by 2014.
The prevention and treatment of substance abuse – The design and development of programmes for children and youth in conflict with the law who commit crimes due to their involvement in the abusing of substances.
The referral of youth in conflict with the law to attend programmes rendered in youth centres and to engaged unemployed youth and youth out of school with EPWP programmes.
The Provincial Child Justice forum and other relevant existing structures have to ensure that integration within the criminal justice system is strengthened and for the proper implementation of the Child Justice Act. The different departments and NGO’s which forms the Provincial Child Justice Forum include Department of Justice and Constitutional Development, The National Prosecuting Authority, The South African Police Force, Department of Correctional Services, Department of Social Development, Legal Aid South Africa, BOSASA Youth Development Centre, NICRO and Child Line.