Purpose of the Programme


•    The purpose of the sub - programme is to ensure care and protection of children and families.
Policy Mandates
•    White Paper for Social Welfare (1997).This policy makes provision for development of management protocol for service provision and special training for all role players to ensure effective and efficient services.
•    Financial policy. The Policy aims at rationalizing welfare funding and correct injustices and imbalances brought about by the skewed allocation of resources
•    National framework for children infected and affected by HIV and AIDS. It ensures that children who are affected by HIV and AIDS have access to integrated services that address their basic needs
•    National protocol for the management of children awaiting trial. This policy seeks to ensure that proper services for children who has committed crime are rendered
•    National Policy framework and strategic plan for the prevention and management of child abuse, neglect and exploitation. This policy aims to standardize  and ensure uniformity in dealing with child abuse cases
•    Victim empowerment Programme. The policy seeks to facilitate  the establishment of intesectoral programmes for support and protection of victims
•    Integrated Service Delivery Model. This policy defines the nature ,scope and extent of services to be provided as well as norms and standards
•    Guidelines for Early childhood Development Services. It is to ensure that the needs of the young children are addressed holistically.
•    National Policy Framework for the implementation of the Children’s Act. It seeks to ensure that the Act is implemented correctly in order to protect children
•    Policy for children living and working on the streets. The policy aims to describe services to be rendered to street children

Situational Analysis
The Northern Cape Province is divided into five districts namely Francis Baard, Pixley Ka Seme, John Taolo Gaetsewe, Namaqua and Siyanda .The child population under the age of 18 in the Province is 395 051 out of a total of 1 094 500 (according to 2007/08 to 2011/12 strategic Plan).The Francis Baard, Siyanda and John Taolo Gaetsewe having the highest concentration of children, followed Pixley Ka Seme and the Namaqua districts. The total number of children with disabilities in the Province are 7 487, which represents 1% of the child population in the Province. The number of school – going children in the Province is 320 578, of which 1 041 are children with special educational needs. This implies that 81 475 children between the ages of 0 – 4 years are either in early childhood development centres or are taken care of at home.

Considering that statistics of the child population of the Province, the need for service development is greater within the Francis Baard and Siyanda districts. In addition, children of school – going age rate higher in number than the children between the ages of 0 – 4 years.

The immediate service needs that come to the fore are:
•    Support to children without families
•     Children living and working on the streets.
•    Orphaned children.
•    Child – headed household.
•    Abused, neglected and exploited children.
•    Children in need of care and protection
•    Poverty

This does not imply that the care, protection and development of children between the ages of 0 – 4 years are not important, rather recognizing the development of the children during this early years, through the expansion of early childhood development centres by 60%, the training of caregivers, the provision of a comprehensive stimulation and development programme, and safe and secure infrastructure.

The Northern Cape Province has an obligation, a fundamental responsibility, for promoting the welfare of children and for the prevention and child abuse, neglect and exploitation.  The increase in crime, domestic violence, substance abuse, absentee fathers, unemployment, and low – income of families leads to increase ion the number of children in need of care and protection.  Services to children working and living on the streets is fragmented and uncoordinated, hence there is a need for the development and implementation of an integrated strategy.

Children who are placed at Child and Youth Care Centres are either children with problematic behavior who cannot be placed in foster care or failed foster care placements or who cannot attend school in the community. The needs of these children n are not met due to insufficient developmental programmes. This places an emphasis on the Department to develop and implement relevant programmes.

Despite the afore mentioned challenges, the Department however implemented measures to reach the specified strategy objectives through the appointment of additional personnel, expansion of community based services and strengthening of non – profit organizations through allocation of resources.

In order to reach the specified objectives, the Department intends to strengthen coordination and integration of services to children within the social welfare services sub – programmes and with other role players. It also intends to strengthen, monitor and support the existing community based child protection services, develop and implement developmental programmes for children in need of care and protection.

Analysis of constraints and measures planned to overcome them
•    Expansion on Prevention and Early Intervention services
•    Development, implementation   and funding of programmes.
•    Strengthening of services to children living and working on the streets
•    Strengthening of inter-sectoral collaboration

Description of planned quality improvement measures

•    Improved monitoring system to be put in place. This will improve quality of service delivery
•    Compliance with business processes in each and every key performance indicator
•    Verification of data to ensure accurate information
•    Implementation of electronic Child Protection Register
•    On - going training  on childcare and protection

Resource Consideration

•    Scarcity of social work professionals and retention of the current ones
•    Vacancies of social work posts within the NGO sector.
•    Budgetary constrains to implement additional programs
•    Insufficient place of safety (CYCC).  
•    Sustainability of inter-sectoral collaboration for management of services to children
•    Limited resources at partial care centre’s
•    Lack of Information management system


Risk Management
•    Bursaries offered to study social work and implementation of the retention strategy to address shortage of social workers
•    Implementation and monitoring of community based child protection programs to ensure  effective service towards child protection  
•    Funding of ECD to purchase equipment to address the issue of limited resources.  Training of ECD practitioners for effective implementation of ECD programs. 
•    Development and funding of programmes
•    Development of data base for all partial care sites for mapping of services
•    Data gathering tools such as foster care monitoring tool and non financial data are implemented to gather information regarding services to children


Strategic Goal

Cared for and protected children


All people in South Africa are and feel safe

Strategic Objective

To provide child care and protection services in terms of the Children’s Act 38 of 2005 as amended

Objective Statement

To provide child care and protection services to  275 000 children in terms of the Children’s Act 38 of 2005 as amended, by 2015


40 00 children provided with child care and protection services (Prevention, Partial Care , CPR and Alternative care).


The devastating impacts of HIV and AIDS on families lead children in being orphaned and an increase in child headed household thus an increase demand for child protection.

  • The high mortality rate coupled with the scourge of HIV and AIDS resulted in an increase application for foster care and backlog.
  • The increasing rate of substance abuse in the Province which often leads to family disintegration calls for more child protection and family services.
  • Due to the low income of families, unemployment, and absentee fathers, there is an increase in the number of children in need of care and protection.
  • The Province is experiencing an increasing number of children who are or end up on the streets due to several basic reasons including pulling and pushing factors.


  • The implementation of this Strategic objective will ensure that appropriate services are rendered in order to reduce the vulnerability of children and strengthen their resilience thereby contributing to their overall protection.
  • Aligning of services/plans of the different sub-programmes will enhance integrated and comprehensive child protection services.
  • The effective implementation of the strategy will ensure that an intersectoral approach and well coordinated services are rendered and this will in turn offer these children with a stable environment.
  • Implementing the Act effectively and capacity building of stakeholders will ensure that services which seek to empower our communities and building strong resilience on children are delivered